Mark L. Levine, B.A., R.M.T.

Pediatric + Family Craniosacral + Osteopathic Manual Therapy

Frequently Asked Questions


I have heard of this work described by different names.  Why is this?

It has been variously called osteopathy, osteopathic manual practice, cranial osteopathy, osteopathy in the cranial field, sacro-cranial therapy, sacro-occipital technique (S.O.T.), bio-cranial therapy, craniostructural integration, cranial-sacral therapy, and so on. 

While there are subtle theoretical differences among these various techniques, I would argue that these apparently differing techniques are really proprietary or ‘brand’ names given to the same work by different teaching institutes.

Craniosacral therapy as practiced in this clinic really describes an approach to bodywork which is gentle and non invasive, and includes various other modalites such as visceral manipulation, fascial release, gentle joint mobilizations and acupressure. 

It has been frequently noted that the most experienced practitioners from these different schools practice in essentially the same way, and your or your child’s experience as a recipient of therapy would be essentially the same from ‘brand’ to ‘brand’ as long as the practitioner is sufficiently trained and experienced.

Previous   Back to FAQ   Next